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Types of Prints

 

Print Types

Archival Giclée:

A method of printmaking used particularly to produce high-quality images from a digital source by ink-jet printing. The ink can be sprayed onto a wide range of media in millions of colours utilizing continuous tone technology to create fine art prints. This method is associated with prints that use fade-resistant "archival" inks. A Giclée print should last for 70 to 120 years.

Silver Gelatin:

This is the most common type of black-and-white photograph produced today and remains stable for years. The photosensitive silver salts are suspended and dispersed in the gelatin, which acts as a stabilizer for the chemicals. The image taken from the negative is then embedded in the gelatin coating on fibre-based paper as the chemicals react to the varied concentration and brilliance of the light. A silver print should last for 75 to 100 years.

Bromide:

A standard, high contrast black-and-white photographic paper print, with the blacks and whites being very sharp. The image is produced by a chemical change in the surface of the paper when it comes into contact with the bromide. The image produced is quite sharp as the paper's surface is not fibre-based.

C-type:

The most common type of colour photograph. The print material consists of at least three layers of emulsions, in which the photographic chemicals are kept stable. Each layer contains light-sensitive silver salts designed to be sensitive to a different primary colour (red, blue, or yellow). Chemicals are added during printing which forms the appropriate colours in each layer, which combine together to form an accurate reproduction of the colour image. A C-type print can last for 50 to 75 years if looked after and kept out of direct sunlight.

Inkjet:

A common, high-quality print created by various sized droplets of ink propelled in file detail onto paper. The inkjet print is produced from a digital image file as opposed to a negative. A fine art print produced on this medium should use archival paper of a fine quality and ink appropriate to the quality of the image. An increasingly popular fine art medium, inkjet prints allow a greater spectrum of colour reproduction and have an expected lifespan of 70 to 120 years.

Digital Archival:

A digital print where the chemicals are handled carefully with the intent of increasing the image's longevity. This includes handling and treating the photographic materials in a way that lessens their deterioration from aging or from chemical reactions with other materials.

If you would like more information on a particular print, please contact us on info@proudgalleries.co.uk